Valletta, Malta
Leave your feedback
LEAVE YOUR FEEDBACK

Video ID: 1186

Submitting Feedback

The proud history of Fort St Elmo in Valletta

Description

Guarding Marsamxett and the Grand Harbour is Fort St Elmo, named after the patron saint of mariners.

The fort was built by the Knights in 1552 in just four months to guard the harbours on either side of the Valletta peninsula, and bore the brunt of a Turkish attack during 1565’s Great Siege of Malta in 1565.

An imposing structure which served for many years as a stronghold of the Knights of Saint John of Malta, the fort stands on the site of a previous observation post.

Having survived various military skirmishes and foreign invasions, most recently from the Axis forces during the Second World War, the star-shaped structure has been renovated and enlarged over time.

After extensive restoration work, the fort reopened to the public in 2015, and now hosts the National War Museum which covers Malta’s wartime history.

The museum includes audiovisual displays, bringing history to life and illustrating aspects of war such as the struggle to get supplies through to the islands under German bombardment. Artefacts include the RAF Gloster Gladiator aircraft named Faith, the sole survivor of the three planes that so valiantly defended the island when Italy declared war in 1940.

Pride of place goes to the George Cross medal that was awarded to the entire population of Malta in 1942 by King George VI.

The courtyard outside the entrance to the fort is studded with the lids of underground granaries. You can visit the parade ground and the 1559 chapel where Knights fought to the death during the siege trying to protect the altar, as well as the later 1729 church.

Fort St Elmo is now one of the top tourist attractions in Valletta.

 

More places from Valletta

Malta pays tribute to Sir Winston Churchill
Valletta, Malta churchill in malta churchill death
This archive footage shows how Malta mourned the death of Sir Winston Churchill....
A new lease of life for a Valletta landmark
Valletta, Malta Anton Buttigieg mcc opening 1979
This archive footage shows some of the extensive restoration work carried out in...
Honouring Maltese social reformer Manwel Dimech
Valletta, Malta
This film from the archives shows the installation of a statue of Maltese social...
Valletta marks a very special anniversary
Valletta, Malta Archbishop Michael Gonzi valletta anniversary
This colour footage from the archives shows special events in Valletta in 1966 t...
The proud history of Fort St Elmo in Valletta
Valletta, Malta
Guarding Marsamxett and the Grand Harbour is Fort St Elmo, named after the patr...
Valletta prepares for Carnival in the 1950s
Valletta, Malta carnival in malta
Carnival in Malta falls right before Lent, usually at the end of February. The f...
Building one of Malta’s most iconic landmarks
Valletta, Malta
With its huge dome, the Basilica of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is one of the most ...
Malta marks the feast of Our Lady of Sorrows
Valletta, Malta Easter in Malta
The feast of Our Lady of Sorrows, or ‘Jum id-Duluri’ has a special p...
State Opening of Malta’s Parliament in 1950s
Valletta, Malta George Borg Olivier opening of malta parliament
This amazing film from our archives shows the pomp and ceremony surrounding the ...
Malta celebrates the Coronation of King George V
Valletta, Malta King George V Coronation
This amazing archive footage shows a military parade in Valletta to mark the Cor...
What powers does the President of Malta have?
Valletta, Malta Agatha Barbara
The President of Malta is the island’s head of state. Presidents serve a f...
‘It was terrible’: How Malta survived the war
Valletta, Malta archive footage malta war
This extraordinary archive footage shows how people in Malta struggled during th...

Places Nearby

Building one of Malta’s most iconic landmarks
Valletta, Malta
With its huge dome, the Basilica of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is one of the most ...
Malta celebrates the Coronation of King George V
Valletta, Malta King George V Coronation
This amazing archive footage shows a military parade in Valletta to mark the Cor...
How Floriana has never played second fiddle to Valletta
Floriana Sir Maurice Dorman Floriana football club
Floriana has a rich history. The town, a stone’s throw away from Valletta,...
Remembering the Charlie Chaplin of Malta
Gwardamanġa George Farrugia
This is an excerpt from a comedy series featuring George Farrugia, known as Char...
How the Santa Marija convoy saved hungry Malta
Grand Harbour Operation Pedestal
In 1942 Malta was under siege, blockaded by German and Italian naval and air for...
The history of Malta’s Great Siege Monument
Valletta, Malta Great Siege of Malta
The Great Siege Monument in Valletta commemorates the Great Siege of Malta in 15...
Good Friday celebrations in Malta and Gozo over the years
Valletta, Malta Easter in Malta
Holy Week has always been important in Malta and Gozo. The celebrations before E...
How Malta survived the Second World War
Valletta, Malta second world war malta
Malta became the most bombed place on Earth in 1942. In total, 15,000 tonnes of ...
All of Malta’s Presidents from 1974 to today
Attard Agatha Barbara Maltese Heads of State
The office of the President of Malta came into being on 13 December 1974, when M...
Malta has always been famous for its crystal clear sea
Sliema, Malta malta beaches
This charming archive footage shows families and holidaymakers enjoying fun days...
Extraordinary footage shows Valletta life in the 1950s
Valletta, Malta KIngsway
This wonderful archive film footage shows the hustle and bustle of city life in ...
How Tritons’ Fountain became a Malta landmark
Floriana Triton Fountain
For more than six decades, three giant mermen have greeted visitors to Malta’s...